Command and Staff College

Guest Speakers ⁄ SeminarsThe aim of the College seminars is to provide a forum to the students for critical study of a subject of professional importance, with a view to recommending doctrinal, organizational and administrative changes. A variety of eminent civil and military guest speakers deliver their talks on allotted themes, which are followed by an exhaustive interaction with students. Seminars are also conducted by student officers.

How To Balance Aspirations and Capabilities - 21 May 2020

Mister Qasim Ali Shah addressed the students through a video link. He emphasised on drawing a balance between aspirations and capabilities in order to have a contended life. He underscored the importance of positive attitude, scrutiny of desires vis-à-vis need to guard against over ambitions and value of relations. Outlining the philosophy of a successful person, he highlighted the need to evolve with time and prepare for the opportunities offered by life. Towards the end, he advised the audience against over ambitiousness as the tendency results in loss of health, relations and contentment.

Law Fare - 18 May 2020

Mister Ahmer Bilal Soofi   educated student officers about “Law Fare”. Beginning with the evolution, conceptual contours and relevance of Law Fare in contemporary environment, the worthy guest speaker discussed case studies of Law Fare related to Pakistan. As a way forward, he introduced major provisions of local laws and suggested training at lower levels of Armed Forces in Law Fare.

Political, Economic, Diplomatic and Military Coercion - 13 May 2020

Mister Aizaz Ahmed Chaudhry   introduced the concept of coercion to the students. While deliberating upon the conceptual contours and types; political, economic diplomatic and military, he shed light on the recent examples of successful and failed coercions. Having identified Pakistan’s vulnerabilities, he suggested a way forward to mitigate the threats of coercion. An interactive session in the end added to the educational value.

Scenario Building and Contemporary Models For Future Prediction - 13 May 2020

Miss Puruesh Chaudhry   familiarised students with the concept of Scenario building and Future Prediction. During the discourse, contemporary models of Future Prediction, their relevance to military planning, mitigation mechanisms against risk / threat prediction, and forecasts / trend analysis with respect to Pakistan also came under discussion both during presentation and a healthy interactive session.

Military Applications of Nano Technology - 12 May 2020

Doctor Noor Muhammad Butt   gave students an informative insight into the Nano Technology. With a premise about the technology and its characteristics, he talked about its significance in civilian fields like politics and economy. Expanding the scope of his lecture, he dwelled on applications of the technology in contemporary militaries including US, Russia, China, Iran and India. Academic and financial progress on Nano Technology in Pakistan since 2003 and its future prospects also came under discussion.

Microbiology and Gene Editing - 12 May 2020

Doctor Shahid Mansoor   introduced the students to Microbiology and Gene Editing, along with the international legal framework applicable to the technology. While elaborating the fundamentals of Microbiology and Gene Editing, he emphasised on its application in military. Contemporary trends in advanced countries / armies and Indian capabilities / development plans in the technology also came under discussion. 

Combat Robotics - 11 May 2020

Doctor Umar Shahbaz   gave students an insight into the concept and evolution of robotics and their uses in civilian and military fields. An appraisal of Combat Robotics and trends in modern militaries included Indian capabilities / plans in both civilian and military spheres of robotics. He also called attention to various aspects about “National Centre for Robotics and Automation” and other initiatives in Pakistan. Later, major challenges and suggested way forward for Pakistan in the field also came under discussion. Towards the end, an interactive session over video link added to the academic value.  

Introduction To Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Its Military Applications - 11 May 2020

Doctor Muhammad Khurram   introduced Artificial Intelligence to the student officers, beginning the talk with conceptual contours. He shed light on the military applications of Artificial Intelligence and trends in contemporary Armies including Indian capabilities / development plans in this specific field. Subsequently he dilated upon the developments, challenges and prospects of Artificial Intelligence in Pakistan while proposing a road map for development too. 

Maritime Economy And Strategy – 30 April 2020

Vice Admiral Iftikhar Ahmed Rao, Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military) (Retired) opened his discussion with an explanation of elements of maritime power, importance of seas and maritime sector followed by potential of maritime economy and control regimes of maritime economy. He also highlighted maritime strategy, its evolution and stressed upon its linkage to economy along with contemporary concepts of maritime strategy. While underscoring Pakistan’s maritime interests and potential, he proposed contours for Pakistan’s maritime economy and strategy.

Terror Financing and Implications on Counter Terrorism Efforts – 17 March 2020

Doctor Shoaib Suddle, Inspector General Police (Retired) introduced various strands of terror financing, its impact on the economic and security calculus of a country, legal frameworks to curb the malpractice and impediments at various levels. While underscoring the advantages, he suggested measures to enhance anti-terror financing efforts in quantitative terms.

Terror Realities of War – 13 March 2020

A Panel of worthy guest speakers shared their experiences as victims of terrorist activities. Mister Irfan Ullah Jan lost his legs when he was 7 years old. While Missus Salma Abdul Fatah’s father and brother were killed by Baloch Sub-Nationalists.

Mister Jan, shared his experience of a terrorist attack and the difficulties in leading a normal life. While explaining his initiative of establishing FATA Disabled Welfare Organisation (FDWO), he appreciated the leading role of Pakistan Army in rehabilitation of the victims in consonance with his organisation. His message to the youth and spec persons of the society included the importance of duties as responsible citizens, mental incapacitation as a cause of weakness and disability for nations, and the need to convert physical disability into strength through hard work

Missus Salma, addressed the audience through video link from Islamabad. Followed by a documentary on Khuzdar, she discussed about transformation of the area from chaos to structured stability. Exposing nefarious designs of Baloch Sub-Nationalists she elaborated the nexus of these terror entities with inimical forces / Hostile Intelligence Agencies. She acknowledged the role of Law Enforcement Agencies in restoring peace and stability in Balochistan and stressed upon measures to ensure a sustained and lasting peace in the province.
An interactive discourse provided further enlightenment to the students.

Evolving Hybrid Threat-Challenges and Response Options for Pakistan (ANNUAL COLLEGE SEMINAR) – 12 march 2020

A Learned Panel comprising Major General Muhammad Avais Dastgir, General Officer Commanding 6 Armoured Division, Mister Rahimullah Yusufzai, Sitara-i-Imtiaz and Doctor Maria Sultan, President & Chairperson South Asian Strategic Stability Institute enhanced students’ understanding about challenges being faced due to evolving Hybrid Threat and response options for Pakistan.

Doctor Maria Sultan began her talk with conceptual contours on difference between Hybrid, 5th Generation Warfare and Grey Zone. She contextualized the genesis and historic perspective of Hybrid Warfare vis-à-vis Pakistan’s internal fault lines. Changing character of conflicts, facets of Hybrid Warfare, prevailing spectrum of Hybrid threats to Pakistan and their impact were amply discussed. Her talk culminated with suggested way forward for Pakistan to counter Hybrid threats

Mister Rahimullah Yusufzai educated the audience on role of media and information domains in Hybrid Warfare. Underscoring the importance of media and information operations, he highlighted their effectiveness in deterring extremist ideologies, implementing Hybrid Warfare Strategies and support of law enforcement operations. Way forward to improve role of media and information operations to counter Hybrid threats was also discussed

Major General Avais Dastgir elucidated visualized internal and external threats under hybrid construct with their impact on security and stability of Pakistan. He also discussed the drivers, objectives and manifestation of Hybrid threat in Pakistan-India context.

National Action Plan (NAP) – Vision, Mandate and Discourse-11 mar 2020

Miss Aasiya Riaz, Joint Director Pakistan Institute of Legislative Development And Transparency educated the audience on components, progress and impediments in implementation of National Action Plan. She also identified the efficacy of National Counter Terrorism Authority (NACTA) and societal issues requiring structural reforms in this regard. Suggested roadmap for execution of measures at various tiers also came under discussion.

Internal Security Situation in Sindh Challenges and the way forward 9th March 2020

The Guest Speaker established the context of his talk with geo-politics, socio-economics and demography of Sindh. He attributed improvement in law & order situation of the Province to progress on National Action Plan (NAP). Information Operations and place of political expediency in Sindh were also discussed. While suggesting a way forward, he guided on command and staff functions for future leadership of Pakistan Army in facing multifarious hybrid threats.

Governance in Balochistan 9th March 2020

The Honourable Chief Minister Balochistan highlighted the historical, political and territorial significance of Balochistan with consequent socio-political and socio-economic dimensions of the Province. Measures for improved security situation and role of various stakeholders were also discussed.

Internal Security Situation in Sindh Challenges and the way forward 6th March 2020

The Guest Speaker established the context of his talk with geo-politics, socio-economics and demography of Sindh. He attributed improvement in law & order situation of the Province to progress on National Action Plan (NAP). Information Operations and place of political expediency in Sindh were also discussed. While suggesting a way forward, he guided on command and staff functions for future leadership of Pakistan Army in facing multifarious hybrid threats.

Governance in Sindh - 6th March 2020

Chief Minister Sindh gave an insight into the historical aspects of Sindh and its significance. Socio-economic, political and security dimensions of the province were also discussed. The talk culminated with suggested mitigation measures against challenges in governance

Role of media and narrative in hybrid warfare
4th march 2020

The Guest Speaker Senator Anwar Ul Haq and Mister Jan Achakzai introduced the role of media in shaping information environment. The worthy Guest Speakers deliberated upon impact of competing foreign and domestic narratives and the interplay of media houses, the state and the society in a hybrid threat environment. Management of narratives and understanding of the environment to make informed decisions also came under discussion.

Conduct of counter terrorism operations under social, judicial and media over watch - 4 mar 2020

The esteemed Guest Speaker educated Student Officers about the intricacies of Counter Terrorism measures at the operational, tactical and sub-tactical level in an environment of social and media over watch with legal constraints. An interactive Questions & Answers session enhanced the knowledge of the audience.

Evolving situation in Afghanistan hybrid warfare:
geo-strategic implications for Pakistan
29th February 2020

The Guest Speaker shed light on the evolving situation in Afghanistan in a hybrid threat environment; historical context of Pakistan-Afghanistan relations, impact of existing fault lines and interests of regional, extra-regional and non-state actors in Afghanistan.

Applicability of relevant laws in armed conflict – 29 february 2020

The Guest Speaker introduced different dimensions of International Human Rights Laws, their constructs and relevance with focus on Laws of Armed Conflict (LoAC) in a post-modernist era. On domestic front, he introduced major provisions of local laws governing use of force. Employment of armed forces against state/ non-state actors, measures to ensure legal cover to Security Forces during conduct of operations and ease of prosecution of held terrorists also came under discussion.

Employment of Engineers in Sub-Conventional Warfare Including Counter Improvised Explosive Devices Operations - 28 February 2020

The Guest Speaker elucidated Engineers’ support to Sub-Conventional Warfare in kinetic as well as non-kinetic domains. Challenges at present and in foreseeable future with corresponding response measures also came under discussion.

Role of Intelligence in Various Operations and Planning/ Conduct of Intelligence Based Operations - 27 Feb 2020

The Guest Speaker commenced his talk with broad conceptual contours of the intelligence manoeuver and its manifestation in Conventional and Sub Conventional domain. The role of operational intelligence in countering Sub Conventional / Hybrid threats and interesting case studies on the aspects of intelligent cycle were also discussed. The lecture was followed by an academically rewarding interactive session.

Hybrid and Internal Security Threats to Security of Pakistan and Efficacy of Intelligence Mechanism – 26 February 2020

The Guest Speaker highlighted the evolving nature of hybrid threats, Internal Security challenges being confronted and efficacy of existing intelligence mechanism in Pakistan. An interactive session in the end added to the knowledge of the audience.

India’s use of Sub-Conventional and other Proxies in Region with Focus on Pakistan – 25 February 2020

The Guest Speaker highlighted use of proxies by India and its destabilizing effects on the region. Support to Mukti Bahinis in erstwhile East Pakistan, Tamil insurrection in Sri Lanka, rebellion in Tibet which resulted into Sino-Indian war (1962), Nepalese Civil War (1996-2006), Coercion of Maldives, internal conflicts in Myanmar and Chittagong Hills of Bangladesh were cited as examples wherein India resorted to use of proxies. Use of terrorism as a state policy by India and the impact of her extremist mindset on regional stability & peace, were also underscored by the Guest Speaker.

Operations of Holding Corps in The Desert and Employment of Corps Reserves - 29 January 2020

The Guest Speaker enriched understanding of the audience on distinctiveness of deserts, associated challenges during conduct and planning of operations, significance of logistics, training and endless preparations. The interactive session added to the educational value of the talk.

Operations in Mountains / Glaciated Terrain - 14 January 2020

Peculiarities of mountains and glaciated terrain, challenges while undertaking operations in mountains, importance of logistics, focused training and continuous planning / preparations were highlighted during the talk. The interactive session further augmented understanding of the audience.

Adjutant General’s Matters - 10 January 2020

The Guest Speaker acquainted the students with organisation and functioning of Adjutant General’s Branch along with policy and standards for induction of manpower in the Army besides its quality vis-à-vis future requirements.

Command and Leadership Challenges While Undertaking Counter-Terrorism Efforts - 2 December 2019

Lieutenant General Khalid Rabbani, Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military), (Retired) presented a discourse on personal experience of Command and Leadership Challenges confronted while undertaking National Counter Terrorism Efforts.To start with, he identified key attributes of leadership required to undertake National Counter Terrorism efforts, followed by measures taken for perception management so as to maintain motivation and ‘Will to Fight’ in challenging environment. As an experienced veteran, he recommended a course of action for imparting training to prepare against envisaged challenges.

Command and Leadership – Modern Day Challenges -28 November 2019

Lieutenant General HaroonAslam, Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military), (Retired) delivered an interactive talk on the topic. He identified the challenges likely to be confronted by Pak Army’s modern day leadership. He attributed societal changes and Hybrid Threat environment of information age to the effects on under command as well as leadership tiers. Moreover, he underscored the bearing of Sub Conventional Warfare on command and leadership skills in Pakistan Army. Having recognized major deficiencies in prevalent leadership styles and perceived challenges, he suggested a viable leadership training methodology for schools of instructions in order to meet the future requirements.

Central Asian Republics – Potentials, Challenges and Opportunities - 27 November 2019

His Excellency Mister Furqat Sidiqov, Uzbek Ambassador to Pakistan, acknowledged and appreciated the sacrifices and role of Pakistan in the war against terrorism. He highlighted dynamic growth of Uzbekistan amidst growing economy of the world and her interest to increase cooperation with Pakistan in all sectors, without limitations. Talking on Uzbekistan’s foreign policy for cooperation, engagement for mutual trade and economic cooperation with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Turkmenistan was discussed. Utilisation of the same forum for supply of electricity to Pakistan from Central Asia under CASA-1000 project was also highlighted.The guest speaker also dilated upon Uzbekistan’s need to access Indian Ocean and significance of Gwadar/Karachi in strategic role to increase trade/ cooperation. In the end, the guest speaker deliberated on mutual cooperation between Pakistan and Uzbekistan for the peace and stability of region especially Afghanistan,emphasisingon creation offavourable conditions to increase the bilateral trade and cooperation in all sectors including defense.

Command and Leadership – Modern Day Challenges -27 November 2019

The Guest Speakerpresented a discourse on modern day leadership challenges likely to be confronted by Pak Army’s future leadership. His talk focused on effects of societal changes on ‘the led’ in information age, translation of Hybrid Threat Environment into leadership challenges at tactical and operational level, impact of Sub Conventional Warfare on the art of command and leadership in Pakistan Army, major shortcomings in existing leadership styles and challenges likely to be confronted by future leadership in next 10-15 years. In order to meet the envisaged challenges, he deliberated upon the suggested methodology for schools of instructions to impart Command and Leadership Training.

Emotional Intelligence and Management - 26 November 2019

The Guest Speaker introduced a topic gaining added importance in the current environment. She apprised the audience with theoretical and conceptual aspects of emotional intelligence and its relationship with management in professional field. While shedding light on contribution of emotional intelligence towards improvement in output of an organisation, effects on judgment and fair play were also amply discussed. Furthermore, sheidentified challenges of motivation and control over emotions with measures to guard against negative emotions and feeling in decision making process.

Command and Leadership - Modern Day Challenges - 25 November 2019

Lieutenant General Aamer Riaz,Hilal-i-Imtiaz Military (Retired) began his talk with emphasis on basic traits of leaders including compassion and strength to stand for truth regardless of the outcome. He supported two elements of command; authority and trust translating into professional competence and feeling of loyalty for junior / senior commanders and organisation. He further discussed the effects of lack of information and personal biases on decision making with reference to examples from daily life. He professed empowerment of leaders and acceptance towards initiative and honest mistakes during the discourse.

IqbaliyatAnd Modern Day Leadership - 25 November 2019

Doctor Zulfiqar Ahmed Cheema, afterfamiliarising Iqbal as a philosopher and thinker, highlighted his contributions in contextualizing the concept of Pakistan.He described Iqbal as a role model for future generations and few excerpts from his books to carve out pertinent lessons.The presenter signified Iqbal’s concept of Khudi, spirit and self-belief for a leader and its manifestation to inspire the men under his command. Towards the end, he dwelled upon the approach to benefit from Iqbal’s wisdom, intellect and foresightedness and ways to adopt his philosophy for improving the style of leadership in contemporary environment.

CPEC – Challenges, Opportunities and Way Forward - 8 November 2019

His Excellency Mister Yau Jing, Chinese Ambassador to Pakistan, whileaddressing the audience, valued 7 decades of successful relations with Pakistan, nurturing economic, cultural, diplomatic, international and foreign affairs. He dilated upon emergence of CPECin 2013, as a flagship project out of 6 proposed trade corridors under One Belt and One Road project to connect China with western world.He signified CPEC as the national interest for both countries and an open platform for all local and international investors. Deliberating further, he stressed upon strengthening of Pakistan-China bilateral relations formutual benefitsin development of both countries by promoting economy and keeping peace in the region.

Creation of Bangladesh – Myths Exploded - 24 October 2019

Doctor Junaid Ahmed’ stalk on the topic reflected deep insight into the creation of Pakistan first and then Bangladesh (erstwhile East Pakistan). Having touched upon the Hindu Revivalist Movements and Far Right Agenda, he dilated upon the role of Islamic Parties/Ulemaand the British in creation of Pakistan. Following suit, he exposed the reality behind myths like exploitation and imposition of culture on erstwhile East Pakistan by West Pakistan, killing of more than 3 million innocent Bengalis and rapes of more than 200,000 Bengali women by Pakistani Armed Forces, surrender of 93,000 Pakistani soldiers and many more. With factual data in support of his argument, he uncovered India’s machinations including historical hegemonic outlook, continuous involvement in Pakistan through MuktiBahini and other non-state actors. Towards the end, he recommended fostering close relationship with Bangladesh and creation of a coherent narrative on the subject by the State of Pakistan.

Evolution of Pakistan’s Military Thought - 3 October 2019

General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, Nishan-i-Imtiaz (Military), Hilal-i-Imtiaz, (Retired) stressed upon the need to study evolution of Pakistan’s Military Thought and how the nations adapt to changing circumstances. He discussed post-independence foundation and efficacy of Pakistan Army’s war fighting doctrine, challenges and threats over the years with impact of Indian Military Thought. He underscored the impact of nuclear, sub-conventional and Hybrid Warfare dimensions on Pakistan’s Military Thought. He also enlightened the audience with emerging military potential along Western Border and Pakistan’s future military challenges with corresponding measures for adaption.

Value of Narrative for National Security and Military Operations - 2 October 2019

General Ehsan Ul Haq,Nishan-i-Imtiaz (Military), (Retired) talked about the conceptual contours and importance of national narrative in contemporary environment. He expanded the scope by highlighting dialectic of narratives in peace and war with associated challenges in development of the national narrative. While discussing role of national narrative in augmenting national purpose, interests and objectives, he shed light on the role and responsibility of government institutions, national media and civil society in its formulation.

Impact of Social Media and Cyber-Enabled Information Operations on Strategic Communication and Perception Management - 1 October 2019

The Guest Speakereducated students on a topic of immense significance. He began his talk with an insight into evolution of Social Media and Cyber Warfare along with their impact on Information Operations. Going further into details, he discussed Cyber-enabled Influence Operations across Social Media Platforms and their vulnerabilities/threat assessment. While narrating contemporary case studies of technology-intensive Information Operations in support of Military Operations he pondered on application of high-technology propaganda and automated social media tools for perception management with specific reference to Hybrid Warfare environment. He dilated upon Cyber Data Theft for population profiling and social re-engineering. He concluded his talk with emphasis on Social Media and Cyber-enabled Information Operations as component of Strategic Communication.

Self-Refinement - 24 September 2019

During the course of his talk, Mister Qasim Ali Shah explained self-refinement in the context of individual’s responsibilities under social inadequacies. He dilated upon methods of self-analysis and means to seek continuous self-refinement. In the process, he highlighted the contributions of reading, awareness and desire for self-improvement towards self-refinement. Importance of social skills, communication skills, reflection and ability to remain composed in complimenting self-refinement was aptly discussed. In the discourse, he guided the audience in methods to avoid intellectual stagnation, improving breadth of outlook and developing ability of critical and creative analysis. Hallmark of the talk remained achieving and maintaining balance between professional, personal and family spheres of life.

Introduction to Army Aviation - 4 September 2019

The Guest Speaker introduced student officers to Pakistan Army Aviation along with the roles and capabilities of various categories.He highlighted the employment parameters in various operations of war including defensive / offensive operations and sub conventional warfare. He also educated the audience with latest trends in Aviation.

Extremism in India and Impact on National Security of Pakistan - 20 August 2019

Basing on his experiences in erstwhile East Pakistan, Ambassador Afrasiab Mehdi Hashmi Qureshi (Retired) introduced the audience with Hindutva Ideology and transition from Nehruvianism to a Neo-liberal and Hyber-Realist Hybrid Foreign Policy. In the context of threat emanating from extremist Hindutva Ideology in the form of drivers of Military strategy and Foreign Policy of India, he deliberated upon the impacts of Hindu extremism on Pakistan. Towards the end of his session, he gave out response options for Pakistan.

Food, Water and Energy Security of Pakistan - 8 August 2019

Mrs Nargis Sethi educated Student Officers about water and energy security issues, challenges and opportunities. Her discourse accounted for conceptual contours of food, water and energy security and contemporary models. She also shed light on major water related issues between India and Pakistan and their implications on water and energy security of Pakistan. While discussing Pakistan’s approach towards food, water and problem areas in energy security, she identified consequent challenges, opportunities and way forward.

Traditional, Non-Traditional and Non-Kinetic Threats to National Security of Pakistan - 7 August 2019

Doctor Maria Sultan began her talk with definition and conceptual construct of traditional, non-traditional and non-kinetic warfare. She discussed their applicability in our environment and correlation of such means for impairment and domination of enemy’s will. Dilating upon linkages with 5thGeneration Warfare (5GW) and Hybrid warfare, she apprised the audience about our state of preparedness in diplomatic, psycho-cultural, information and economic domains along with the way forward.

Kashmir Dispute - 6 August 2019

Mister Shah Ghulam Qadir educated thestudents with historical background of the Kashmir dispute from Pakistani and Indian perspectives. While discussing status and possible options for implementation of United Nations resolutions, he revealed the Indian designs to paint freedom movement as terrorism post 9/11 environment along with factors facilitating Indian intransigence and sense of impunity. He further dilated upon the role and importance of Azad Kashmir and Kashmir Committee in addressing the issue. Before concluding his talk, the worthy guest speaker gave an insight into the expected environment in the coming years and suggested way forward.

Contemporary Approaches to National Security and Relevance to Pakistan - 5 August 19

Vice Admiral Khan Hasham Bin Siddique, Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military) (Retired) enlightened the audience about National Security with particular emphasis on conceptual contours and contemporary approaches vis-à-vis Pakistan’s National Security approach to existing challenges along with an analysis of existing National Security mechanism of Pakistan. Towards the end of his session, he suggested an informative wayforward.

Economy of Pakistan – Challenges and Prospects - 1 August 2019

Doctor Abdul Hafeez Sheikh began his talk with an overview of basic ingredients and indicators of a stable National Economy and strengths / weaknesses of contemporary Economic models. With economy as an element of National Power, he discussed the inter-relationship between economy and security while highlighting the role of International Financial Institutions and donors. The guest speaker deliberated upon expenditure heads in a fiscal year and budgetary allocation of Pakistan. In the end, he gave an insight of economic potential of Pakistan with emphasis on opportunities, challenges and way forward.

Pakistan’s Foreign Policy – Opportunities and Challenges - 1 August 2019

Mrs Tasneem Aslam, a seasoned diplomat, had an interactive session with Student Officers about broad contours of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy along with a glimpse of contemporary foreign policy approaches (India, China, USA, Iran and Russia etc). Sheemphasised on the opportunities and challenges confronted by Pakistan on external front amidst implications of evolving regional and global environment. Focus of her talk remained Kashmir dispute, Siachin and Sir Creek, situation in Afghanistan and Middle East (Saudi Arabia & Iran), US - India relations and US concerns for China and Russia. In the end, she dilated upon the way forward for Pakistan.

Global Great Game and Power Competition with Implications for Pakistan -31 July 2019

Doctor Rasul Bakhsh Rais’s lecture was fruitful in educating the students about the Global Great Game. Sequentially, he discussed about the term “great game” andits historical background with the key players in past, present and in near future. In the context of geo-economic/geo-political dimensions, he deliberated rivalry issues in the world at present, Middle East, Afghanistan, US concerns vis-à-vis China and Russia with implications for Pakistan’s National Security. In the end he forecasted the likely unfolding of the Great Game in future.

Ideology of Pakistan - 31 July 2019

Senator Anwar ul HaqKakar’s talk rejuvenated the audience with the value/place of ideology for nation states. Talking about basic Ideology of Pakistan, he re-counted how it helped in attaining independence and how important it is for a nation to believe in itself. He further elaborated the impact of other societies and cultures on our basic ideology and reasons for shift of society and state. While discussing responsibilities in strengthening our ideology, he spoke about the role of national leadership as well as the citizens in transferring it to the next generations.

Race for Global Commons – Pakistan’s Interests - 30 July 2019

Doctor Zafar Nawaz Jaspal from Quaid-e-Azam University, began his talk with definitional perspective of Global Commons. He stressed upon existing and potential disputes, challenges and opportunities associated with global commons. While discussing international legal frameworks governing use of Global Commons he underscored implications for developing nations particularly Pakistan. In the same backdrop, he suggested a way forward for Pakistan forcapitalise upon opportunities associated with Global Commons.

Evolution of International Political Order and Relevance to Pakistan - 30 July 2019

Doctor Riffat Hussain, a seasoned academician from National University of Sciences and Technology, introduced the Student Officers to geo-politics, evolution of International Political Order and emerging geo-political trends along with the impact of prevailing international order on South Asian region. His talk included challenges and opportunities in wake of evolving international politicalorder for Pakistan. Before apprising the audience with a way forward, he analysedhow Pakistan has responded to the evolving International Political order.

Creative Thinking for Problem Solving and Effective Communication - 26 July 2019

Professor Doctor Wasima Shehzad enlightened student officers on the significance of creative thinking for problem solving and the role of effective communication using Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for the purpose. Her talk began with an explanation of Creative and Critical Thinking with their relevance for problem solving by leadership in a state and societal context. She signified the barriers to Creative / Critical Thinking and measures to avoid or surpass them. She further guided on transforming creative ideas into an effective thought and planning process.In the end, she gave useful and practical tips for effective communication.

Introduction to Strategic Communication and Its Impact - 24 July 2019

The Guest Speaker delivered his talk on a new topic to educate students on conceptual contours of Strategic Communication and its impact on National Security. During the discourse, he underscored various aspects of Strategic Communication including conceptual contours, relevance to Elements of National Power, role towards National Security, manifestation at operational / tactical level and impact of media / modern technology.

Maximizing Success - 18 July 2019

Doctor Ali Rizwan exposed the student officers to strategies for developing success oriented mind-set towards life. While highlighting importance of setting realistic goals in all spheres of life, he deliberated upon the concept of quantifying success and ways to synergize available means to achieve it. Further, he guided the audience on how to chalk out the path to realize the set goals through intermediate objectives. He further stressed upon importance of self-evaluation and key principles of maintaining balance in personal and professional life, not losing sight of personal capabilities and limitations.

Technology Driven e-Governance Reforms - 17 July 2019

Doctor Umar Saif’s talk was aimed at educating students about concept of Technology Driven Governance Reforms and its application towards the theory of Innovation Economics. His lecture revolved around modernization in governance techniques through transparency induced methods and role / application of technology driven governance reforms in Civil-Military interactions (Disaster management, conflict prevention, post-conflict reconstruction etcetera). His talk was followed by interesting case studies from health, education and law & order sectors.

Mind Mapping Techniques - 16 July 2019

Miss Sania Alam from Institute of Human Memory Development, educated the audience on Mind Mapping Techniques and their application in professional undertaking including brainstorming, problem solving, study & memorization, planning, research & consolidation of information and gaining insight on complex subjects. During the discourse, she introduced graphical methods of representing ideas and concepts in a bid to explain how visual thinking tools can be adopted to help structure information. She further elaborated using mind mapping techniques for better analysis, synthesis, recollection and generation of new ideas.

Stress Management -12 July 2019

Brigadier Doctor Rashid Qayyum from Armed Forces Institute of Mental Health, delivered a lecture to deliberate upon the importance of stress management and techniques to manage the resultant effects. During the course of his talk, he differentiated between positive and negative stresses while focusing on factors contributing towards stress and methods to identify them. He also revealed the secret of converting stress into strength, methods / techniques to gain instant energy and to meditate at one’s own to gain health, strength and success.