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Command and Staff College,
Quetta, Pakistan

Guest Speakers ⁄ Seminars

The aim of the College seminars is to provide a forum to the students for critical study of a subject of professional importance, with a view to recommending doctrinal, organizational and administrative changes. A variety of eminent civil and military guest speakers deliver their talks on allotted themes, which are followed by an exhaustive interaction with students. Seminars are also conducted by student officers.

Stress Management -12 July 2019

Brigadier Doctor Rashid Qayyum from Armed Forces Institute of Mental Health, delivered a lecture to deliberate upon the importance of stress management and techniques to manage the resultant effects. During the course of his talk, he differentiated between positive and negative stresses while focusing on factors contributing towards stress and methods to identify them. He also revealed the secret of converting stress into strength, methods / techniques to gain instant energy and to meditate at one’s own to gain health, strength and success.

Mind Mapping Techniques - 16 July 2019

Miss Sania Alam from Institute of Human Memory Development, educated the audience on Mind Mapping Techniques and their application in professional undertaking including brainstorming, problem solving, study & memorization, planning, research & consolidation of information and gaining insight on complex subjects. During the discourse, she introduced graphical methods of representing ideas and concepts in a bid to explain how visual thinking tools can be adopted to help structure information. She further elaborated using mind mapping techniques for better analysis, synthesis, recollection and generation of new ideas.

Technology Driven e-Governance Reforms - 17 July 2019

Doctor Umar Saif’s talk was aimed at educating students about concept of Technology Driven Governance Reforms and its application towards the theory of Innovation Economics. His lecture revolved around modernization in governance techniques through transparency induced methods and role / application of technology driven governance reforms in Civil-Military interactions (Disaster management, conflict prevention, post-conflict reconstruction etcetera). His talk was followed by interesting case studies from health, education and law & order sectors.

Maximizing Success - 18 July 2019

Doctor Ali Rizwan exposed the student officers to strategies for developing success oriented mind-set towards life. While highlighting importance of setting realistic goals in all spheres of life, he deliberated upon the concept of quantifying success and ways to synergize available means to achieve it. Further, he guided the audience on how to chalk out the path to realize the set goals through intermediate objectives. He further stressed upon importance of self-evaluation and key principles of maintaining balance in personal and professional life, not losing sight of personal capabilities and limitations.

Introduction to Strategic Communication and Its Impact - 24 July 2019

The Guest Speaker delivered his talk on a new topic to educate students on conceptual contours of Strategic Communication and its impact on National Security. During the discourse, he underscored various aspects of Strategic Communication including conceptual contours, relevance to Elements of National Power, role towards National Security, manifestation at operational / tactical level and impact of media / modern technology.

Threat of Espionage and Subversion - 25 July 2019

The Guest Speaker introduced academic and conceptual strands of espionage and subversion, functioning of espionage with contemporary case studies and impact of espionage on national security.

Creative Thinking for Problem Solving and Effective Communication - 26 July 2019

Professor Doctor Wasima Shehzad enlightened student officers on the significance of creative thinking for problem solving and the role of effective communication using Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for the purpose. Her talk began with an explanation of Creative and Critical Thinking with their relevance for problem solving by leadership in a state and societal context. She signified the barriers to Creative / Critical Thinking and measures to avoid or surpass them. She further guided on transforming creative ideas into an effective thought and planning process.In the end, she gave useful and practical tips for effective communication.

Evolution of International Political Order and Relevance to Pakistan - 30 July 2019

Doctor Riffat Hussain, a seasoned academician from National University of Sciences and Technology, introduced the Student Officers to geo-politics, evolution of International Political Order and emerging geo-political trends along with the impact of prevailing international order on South Asian region. His talk included challenges and opportunities in wake of evolving international politicalorder for Pakistan. Before apprising the audience with a way forward, he analysedhow Pakistan has responded to the evolving International Political order.

Race for Global Commons – Pakistan’s Interests - 30 July 2019

Doctor Zafar Nawaz Jaspal from Quaid-e-Azam University, began his talk with definitional perspective of Global Commons. He stressed upon existing and potential disputes, challenges and opportunities associated with global commons. While discussing international legal frameworks governing use of Global Commons he underscored implications for developing nations particularly Pakistan. In the same backdrop, he suggested a way forward for Pakistan forcapitalise upon opportunities associated with Global Commons.

Ideology of Pakistan - 31 July 2019

Senator Anwar ul HaqKakar’s talk rejuvenated the audience with the value/place of ideology for nation states. Talking about basic Ideology of Pakistan, he re-counted how it helped in attaining independence and how important it is for a nation to believe in itself. He further elaborated the impact of other societies and cultures on our basic ideology and reasons for shift of society and state. While discussing responsibilities in strengthening our ideology, he spoke about the role of national leadership as well as the citizens in transferring it to the next generations.

Global Great Game and Power Competition with Implications for Pakistan -31 July 2019

Doctor Rasul Bakhsh Rais’s lecture was fruitful in educating the students about the Global Great Game. Sequentially, he discussed about the term “great game” andits historical background with the key players in past, present and in near future. In the context of geo-economic/geo-political dimensions, he deliberated rivalry issues in the world at present, Middle East, Afghanistan, US concerns vis-à-vis China and Russia with implications for Pakistan’s National Security. In the end he forecasted the likely unfolding of the Great Game in future.

Pakistan’s Foreign Policy – Opportunities and Challenges - 1 August 2019

Mrs Tasneem Aslam, a seasoned diplomat, had an interactive session with Student Officers about broad contours of Pakistan’s Foreign Policy along with a glimpse of contemporary foreign policy approaches (India, China, USA, Iran and Russia etc). Sheemphasised on the opportunities and challenges confronted by Pakistan on external front amidst implications of evolving regional and global environment. Focus of her talk remained Kashmir dispute, Siachin and Sir Creek, situation in Afghanistan and Middle East (Saudi Arabia & Iran), US - India relations and US concerns for China and Russia. In the end, she dilated upon the way forward for Pakistan.

Economy of Pakistan – Challenges and Prospects - 1 August 2019

Doctor Abdul Hafeez Sheikh began his talk with an overview of basic ingredients and indicators of a stable National Economy and strengths / weaknesses of contemporary Economic models. With economy as an element of National Power, he discussed the inter-relationship between economy and security while highlighting the role of International Financial Institutions and donors. The guest speaker deliberated upon expenditure heads in a fiscal year and budgetary allocation of Pakistan. In the end, he gave an insight of economic potential of Pakistan with emphasis on opportunities, challenges and way forward.

Contemporary Approaches to National Security and Relevance to Pakistan - 5 August 19

Vice Admiral Khan Hasham Bin Siddique, Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military) (Retired) enlightened the audience about National Security with particular emphasis on conceptual contours and contemporary approaches vis-à-vis Pakistan’s National Security approach to existing challenges along with an analysis of existing National Security mechanism of Pakistan. Towards the end of his session, he suggested an informative wayforward.



Kashmir Dispute - 6 August 2019

Mister Shah Ghulam Qadir educated thestudents with historical background of the Kashmir dispute from Pakistani and Indian perspectives. While discussing status and possible options for implementation of United Nations resolutions, he revealed the Indian designs to paint freedom movement as terrorism post 9/11 environment along with factors facilitating Indian intransigence and sense of impunity. He further dilated upon the role and importance of Azad Kashmir and Kashmir Committee in addressing the issue. Before concluding his talk, the worthy guest speaker gave an insight into the expected environment in the coming years and suggested way forward.

Traditional, Non-Traditional and Non-Kinetic Threats to National Security of Pakistan - 7 August 2019

Doctor Maria Sultan began her talk with definition and conceptual construct of traditional, non-traditional and non-kinetic warfare. She discussed their applicability in our environment and correlation of such means for impairment and domination of enemy’s will. Dilating upon linkages with 5thGeneration Warfare (5GW) and Hybrid warfare, she apprised the audience about our state of preparedness in diplomatic, psycho-cultural, information and economic domains along with the way forward.

Food, Water and Energy Security of Pakistan - 8 August 2019

Mrs Nargis Sethi educated Student Officers about water and energy security issues, challenges and opportunities. Her discourse accounted for conceptual contours of food, water and energy security and contemporary models. She also shed light on major water related issues between India and Pakistan and their implications on water and energy security of Pakistan. While discussing Pakistan’s approach towards food, water and problem areas in energy security, she identified consequent challenges, opportunities and way forward.

Extremism in India and Impact on National Security of Pakistan - 20 August 2019

Basing on his experiences in erstwhile East Pakistan, Ambassador Afrasiab Mehdi Hashmi Qureshi (Retired) introduced the audience with Hindutva Ideology and transition from Nehruvianism to a Neo-liberal and Hyber-Realist Hybrid Foreign Policy. In the context of threat emanating from extremist Hindutva Ideology in the form of drivers of Military strategy and Foreign Policy of India, he deliberated upon the impacts of Hindu extremism on Pakistan. Towards the end of his session, he gave out response options for Pakistan.

Threat Seminar - Conventional / Unconventional Threat to National Security of Pakistan - 21 August 2019

A seminar on the topic was conducted to shed light on the overall threat to the security of Pakistan including its external as well as internal dimensions in the wake of emerging geo-political developments and their implications on Pakistan in conventional, sub-conventional and unconventional domains.

State Institutions and Security of Pakistan - 22 August 2019

The Guest Speaker stressed upon good governance concept, role of state apparatus / institutions in their functioning along with performance in statecraft and measures for their revamping & improvement.

Introduction to Army Aviation - 4 September 2019

The Guest Speaker introduced student officers to Pakistan Army Aviation along with the roles and capabilities of various categories.He highlighted the employment parameters in various operations of war including defensive / offensive operations and sub conventional warfare. He also educated the audience with latest trends in Aviation.

Operations of Holding Corps in Plains - 19 September 2019

Mechanics of planning, execution, place of holding corps in Army’s scheme of maneuver and its higher operational linkages were highlighted during the course of the talk. The interactive session further enhanced understanding of the audience.

Self-Refinement - 24 September 2019

During the course of his talk, Mister Qasim Ali Shah explained self-refinement in the context of individual’s responsibilities under social inadequacies. He dilated upon methods of self-analysis and means to seek continuous self-refinement. In the process, he highlighted the contributions of reading, awareness and desire for self-improvement towards self-refinement. Importance of social skills, communication skills, reflection and ability to remain composed in complimenting self-refinement was aptly discussed. In the discourse, he guided the audience in methods to avoid intellectual stagnation, improving breadth of outlook and developing ability of critical and creative analysis. Hallmark of the talk remained achieving and maintaining balance between professional, personal and family spheres of life.

Impact of Social Media and Cyber-Enabled Information Operations on Strategic Communication and Perception Management - 1 October 2019

The Guest Speakereducated students on a topic of immense significance. He began his talk with an insight into evolution of Social Media and Cyber Warfare along with their impact on Information Operations. Going further into details, he discussed Cyber-enabled Influence Operations across Social Media Platforms and their vulnerabilities/threat assessment. While narrating contemporary case studies of technology-intensive Information Operations in support of Military Operations he pondered on application of high-technology propaganda and automated social media tools for perception management with specific reference to Hybrid Warfare environment. He dilated upon Cyber Data Theft for population profiling and social re-engineering. He concluded his talk with emphasis on Social Media and Cyber-enabled Information Operations as component of Strategic Communication.

Value of Narrative for National Security and Military Operations - 2 October 2019

General Ehsan Ul Haq,Nishan-i-Imtiaz (Military), (Retired) talked about the conceptual contours and importance of national narrative in contemporary environment. He expanded the scope by highlighting dialectic of narratives in peace and war with associated challenges in development of the national narrative. While discussing role of national narrative in augmenting national purpose, interests and objectives, he shed light on the role and responsibility of government institutions, national media and civil society in its formulation.

Evolution of Pakistan’s Military Thought - 3 October 2019

General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani, Nishan-i-Imtiaz (Military), Hilal-i-Imtiaz, (Retired) stressed upon the need to study evolution of Pakistan’s Military Thought and how the nations adapt to changing circumstances. He discussed post-independence foundation and efficacy of Pakistan Army’s war fighting doctrine, challenges and threats over the years with impact of Indian Military Thought. He underscored the impact of nuclear, sub-conventional and Hybrid Warfare dimensions on Pakistan’s Military Thought. He also enlightened the audience with emerging military potential along Western Border and Pakistan’s future military challenges with corresponding measures for adaption.

Creation of Bangladesh – Myths Exploded - 24 October 2019

Doctor Junaid Ahmed’ stalk on the topic reflected deep insight into the creation of Pakistan first and then Bangladesh (erstwhile East Pakistan). Having touched upon the Hindu Revivalist Movements and Far Right Agenda, he dilated upon the role of Islamic Parties/Ulemaand the British in creation of Pakistan. Following suit, he exposed the reality behind myths like exploitation and imposition of culture on erstwhile East Pakistan by West Pakistan, killing of more than 3 million innocent Bengalis and rapes of more than 200,000 Bengali women by Pakistani Armed Forces, surrender of 93,000 Pakistani soldiers and many more. With factual data in support of his argument, he uncovered India’s machinations including historical hegemonic outlook, continuous involvement in Pakistan through MuktiBahini and other non-state actors. Towards the end, he recommended fostering close relationship with Bangladesh and creation of a coherent narrative on the subject by the State of Pakistan.

Strike Corps Operations - 25 October 2019

The Guest Speaker educated the audience on constitution / articulation of Strike Corps and employment strategy of its components in traditional and Proactive Operations Environment modes, within the Army’s scheme of maneuver.

Role, Functions and Capabilities of Command Headquarters - 28 October 2019

The Guest Speaker improved students’ understanding about role, functions and capabilities of Command Headquarters during peace and war. An interactive session with the students added value to their academic learning.

Evolution of New Concept of War Fighting in View of Indian Proactive Strategy - 5 November 2019

The Guest Speaker familiarised students with the conceptual aspects of Indian Proactive Operations and evolution of New Concept of War Fighting. The interactive session further elucidated the thought process of students.

CPEC – Challenges, Opportunities and Way Forward - 8 November 2019

His Excellency Mister Yau Jing, Chinese Ambassador to Pakistan, whileaddressing the audience, valued 7 decades of successful relations with Pakistan, nurturing economic, cultural, diplomatic, international and foreign affairs. He dilated upon emergence of CPECin 2013, as a flagship project out of 6 proposed trade corridors under One Belt and One Road project to connect China with western world.He signified CPEC as the national interest for both countries and an open platform for all local and international investors. Deliberating further, he stressed upon strengthening of Pakistan-China bilateral relations formutual benefitsin development of both countries by promoting economy and keeping peace in the region.

Intelligence Support at Strategic and Operational Level - 12 November 2019

The Guest Speaker enhanced understanding of the audience about conception of Intelligence Support at Strategic and Operational Level in Conventional and Sub Conventional / Hybrid Warfare domain.

IqbaliyatAnd Modern Day Leadership - 25 November 2019

Doctor Zulfiqar Ahmed Cheema, afterfamiliarising Iqbal as a philosopher and thinker, highlighted his contributions in contextualizing the concept of Pakistan.He described Iqbal as a role model for future generations and few excerpts from his books to carve out pertinent lessons.The presenter signified Iqbal’s concept of Khudi, spirit and self-belief for a leader and its manifestation to inspire the men under his command. Towards the end, he dwelled upon the approach to benefit from Iqbal’s wisdom, intellect and foresightedness and ways to adopt his philosophy for improving the style of leadership in contemporary environment.

Command and Leadership - Modern Day Challenges - 25 November 2019

Lieutenant General Aamer Riaz,Hilal-i-Imtiaz Military (Retired) began his talk with emphasis on basic traits of leaders including compassion and strength to stand for truth regardless of the outcome. He supported two elements of command; authority and trust translating into professional competence and feeling of loyalty for junior / senior commanders and organisation. He further discussed the effects of lack of information and personal biases on decision making with reference to examples from daily life. He professed empowerment of leaders and acceptance towards initiative and honest mistakes during the discourse.

Emotional Intelligence and Management - 26 November 2019

The Guest Speaker introduced a topic gaining added importance in the current environment. She apprised the audience with theoretical and conceptual aspects of emotional intelligence and its relationship with management in professional field. While shedding light on contribution of emotional intelligence towards improvement in output of an organisation, effects on judgment and fair play were also amply discussed. Furthermore, sheidentified challenges of motivation and control over emotions with measures to guard against negative emotions and feeling in decision making process.

Command and Leadership – Modern Day Challenges -27 November 2019

The Guest Speakerpresented a discourse on modern day leadership challenges likely to be confronted by Pak Army’s future leadership. His talk focused on effects of societal changes on ‘the led’ in information age, translation of Hybrid Threat Environment into leadership challenges at tactical and operational level, impact of Sub Conventional Warfare on the art of command and leadership in Pakistan Army, major shortcomings in existing leadership styles and challenges likely to be confronted by future leadership in next 10-15 years. In order to meet the envisaged challenges, he deliberated upon the suggested methodology for schools of instructions to impart Command and Leadership Training.

Central Asian Republics – Potentials, Challenges and Opportunities - 27 November 2019

His Excellency Mister Furqat Sidiqov, Uzbek Ambassador to Pakistan, acknowledged and appreciated the sacrifices and role of Pakistan in the war against terrorism. He highlighted dynamic growth of Uzbekistan amidst growing economy of the world and her interest to increase cooperation with Pakistan in all sectors, without limitations. Talking on Uzbekistan’s foreign policy for cooperation, engagement for mutual trade and economic cooperation with Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and Turkmenistan was discussed. Utilisation of the same forum for supply of electricity to Pakistan from Central Asia under CASA-1000 project was also highlighted.The guest speaker also dilated upon Uzbekistan’s need to access Indian Ocean and significance of Gwadar/Karachi in strategic role to increase trade/ cooperation. In the end, the guest speaker deliberated on mutual cooperation between Pakistan and Uzbekistan for the peace and stability of region especially Afghanistan,emphasisingon creation offavourable conditions to increase the bilateral trade and cooperation in all sectors including defense.

Command and Leadership – Modern Day Challenges -28 November 2019

Lieutenant General HaroonAslam, Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military), (Retired) delivered an interactive talk on the topic. He identified the challenges likely to be confronted by Pak Army’s modern day leadership. He attributed societal changes and Hybrid Threat environment of information age to the effects on under command as well as leadership tiers. Moreover, he underscored the bearing of Sub Conventional Warfare on command and leadership skills in Pakistan Army. Having recognized major deficiencies in prevalent leadership styles and perceived challenges, he suggested a viable leadership training methodology for schools of instructions in order to meet the future requirements.

Command and Leadership Challenges While Undertaking Counter-Terrorism Efforts - 2 December 2019

Lieutenant General Khalid Rabbani, Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military), (Retired) presented a discourse on personal experience of Command and Leadership Challenges confronted while undertaking National Counter Terrorism Efforts.To start with, he identified key attributes of leadership required to undertake National Counter Terrorism efforts, followed by measures taken for perception management so as to maintain motivation and ‘Will to Fight’ in challenging environment. As an experienced veteran, he recommended a course of action for imparting training to prepare against envisaged challenges.

Adjutant General’s Matters - 10 January 2020

The Guest Speaker acquainted the students with organisation and functioning of Adjutant General’s Branch along with policy and standards for induction of manpower in the Army besides its quality vis-à-vis future requirements.

Operations in Mountains / Glaciated Terrain - 14 January 2020

Peculiarities of mountains and glaciated terrain, challenges while undertaking operations in mountains, importance of logistics, focused training and continuous planning / preparations were highlighted during the talk. The interactive session further augmented understanding of the audience.

Operations of Holding Corps in The Desert and Employment of Corps Reserves - 29 January 2020

The Guest Speaker enriched understanding of the audience on distinctiveness of deserts, associated challenges during conduct and planning of operations, significance of logistics, training and endless preparations. The interactive session added to the educational value of the talk.

Russian Combined Arms Academy Delegation – 6-8 February 2020

A high profile delegation of Russian Armed Forces from “Military Education Scientific Centre of Ground Forces, Combined Arms, Order of Zhukov, Academy of Armed Forces of the Russian Federation” headed by the Academy’s Commandant, Lieutenant General Aleksandr Romanchuck Vladimirovich was warmly received consistent with the rich traditions of Pakistan at Command & Staff College, Quetta. Main highlights of the visit included formal reception and interaction with candid exchange of views from both sides. Followed by a detailed briefing on the training/functioning modalities and administrative/recreational facilities offered at the college, an orientation visit of the college campus was arranged for the delegation. A research paper on ‘Integration of Russia and CARs into CPEC - Challenges and Opportunities’ was presented by a panel of students. Afterwards, the head of delegation, Lieutenant General Romanchuck educated the audience on the history, role, organisation and Functioning of Combined Arms Academy, Moscow through a well structured presentation.

The farewell interaction concluded with appreciation by Lieutenant General Romanchuck for the standard of training at Command & Staff College Quetta and the professionalism / confidence of officers of Pakistan Army along with expression of gratitude for the extra-ordinary hospitality extended to him and his delegation. Reciprocating the commonality of interest, importance laid by Pakistan on its bilateral relations with Russia and desire to take it to much higher pedestals was re-emphasised by Lieutenant General Nadeem Ahmed Anjum, Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military) , Commandant Command & Staff College.