History Command and Staff College, Quetta
MODERN HISTORY OF COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE (1976 to date)
The building project was conceived in right earnest in 1966 and planned in 1967. Consequently a competition was held at national level, inviting for the design of a suitable and modern earthquake-proof building. Out of a total of 32 entries, the design presented by Messrs Tajuddin M Bhamani and Company was declared the best and accepted by the General Headquarters Committee. In 1969 the firm was awarded the contract to prepare the documents, invite tenders and supervise the construction. Soon after, the engineers to be associated with the construction toured most of the staff colleges of the world to pick up ideas for the new building. The foundation stone of the New Building was laid in September 1972 by General Tikka Khan, the then COAS.
The New Building of the College was inaugurated by the Prime Minister of Pakistan Mr Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, at 1630 hours on 7 April 1976. The elegant ceremony was attended by a large number of high ranking government functionaries and senior military officers. The event marked the commencement of a new era in the long and splendid history of this Institution.
The shifting of the College into New Building in 1976 set in motion a sequel of changes in various other spheres as well. These modifications had become essential in conformity with drive of modernization prevalent all around the globe. The students intake jumped to 230 in 1977 and has risen steadily to touch a figure of 400 in 2011. The Course is of 62 weeks with 14 weeks of non-resident course and 48 weeks of resident course distributed into four terms. Four weeks of resident course are utilized for technical orientation term conducted here by College of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering. It is heartening to find that the College has been quick to respond to changes in curriculum warranted by transformations in operational roles of the army or trends in military thought in the world, a case in point are training packages for Sub-Conventional Warfare and introduction of New Concept of War Fighting.
Sequel to change of the College Emblem in 1979, name of 'The Owl' - the College magazine was renamed as 'The Review' from 1979 issue onwards. The magazine provides a good pictorial round up of activities at the College. The professional publication of the College known as 'The Citadel' was first published in 1984 and provides a forum for expression of thoughts on doctrinal and conceptual issues. Publication of the Al Nisa Club known as 'Al Nisa' was first published in 1983 and has blossomed into a fine forum for expression of thoughts and ideas of the College ladies community. Another useful contribution of Al Nisa Club to the College publications is recent addition of yearly Cook Book. It is worth mentioning that since 1993, the College has been employing its own printing press for all its publications.
1980 holds a special significance for the College as Platinum Jubilee was celebrated on 18th September. The College underwent a major uplift in this connection. New College Mosque was constructed in 1980 alongside uplift of polo ground to provide polo facility at Quetta. The concept of College Educational Television was also introduced this year which has flourished to a full fledged entertainment channel besides being a source of information and media support about activities of Al Nisa Club and curricular and co-curricular activities of the College. In 1989, a new building of Al Nisa was completed and inaugurated along with present day Medical Inspection Room. The Club with the new concept of its attractive refinement classes for Ladies has become a great attraction these days.
The Faculty of Research and Doctrinal Studies, commonly known as FORADS, was established in 1985 to identify and formulate goals for research and doctrinal evaluation. Famous operational war games 'Sandstorm' and 'Ravi Blitz' were added to the curriculum in 1986 and 1989, respectively.
The extension plan of College Building incorporating construction of present day new College Library and Student Officers Tea Lounge (Kurshid Lounge, earlier Safdar Lounge) was approved in 1983. However, the construction of Library Complex took a very long time and was ultimately inaugurated on 21st June 1993 by the Chief of Army Staff, General Abdul Waheed. Before the completion of the Library, the books were shifted along with old library furniture, in January 1992. The design of the new library is both modern and historical in character, symbolically injecting the concept of unity in the architectural theme.College Library has a fumigation chamber and a computer section for internet access to Higher Education Commission and National Defense University libraries.
The Commandant Major General Tanwir Husain Naqvi took personal interest and directed to form a board for analyzing / planning space management and recommending apt utilization of rooms being vacated after commissioning of new Library Complex. The board of officers, formed for this purpose included Colonel (later Major General) Rehmat Khan, Officer Commanding Training Team, as President, Colonel (later Major General Pervez Akmal and Lieutenant Colonel (later Lieutenant General) Javed Alam as members. They, after long discussions with faculty members, prepared a plan and presented it to the Commandant for approval and implementation. Thereafter, the things moved in such a manner that if not recorded, would be buried deep down the ashes of history. In January 1992 Library located at the present Faculity Conference Room (earlier Amjad Conference Room) on second floor, moved to the new Library Complex. This vacated room was converted into new Faculty Conference Room which was earlier located at the present Senior Instructors Offices in the corridor leading to Library Complex. Today, no one would believe that these 4 x offices of Senior Instructors with a long corridor were once a big hall (including the space of corridor) for Faculty Conference. Behind this one big Faculty Conference Hall, there used to be Briefing Rooms 1 and 2, which were converted into two offices, i.e. Office of Information Technology Wing (ITW) and present office of Senior Instructor (Training), respectively. After the Faculty Conference Room was moved on second floor, this hall was converted to 4 x offices (3 x offices for Senior Instructors A, B and C Divisions, and 1 x Office for Training Team). The entrance to these Briefing Rooms was through the Faculty Conference Room. Senior Instructors' offices had moved from first left cluster of 4 x offices located at corridor leading to Jilani Auditorium. On vacation, these offices were converted to Directing Staff offices.
Another trail of changes included change of Commandant's office, Chief Instructor's office,Tea Lounge (earlier Wajahat Lounge) and Students Tea Lounge. On completion of the basement of College Library, named as Kurshid Lounge, the Students Tea Lounge was shifted from present location of Tea Lounge in 1992. The present office of the Commandant and Colonel General Staff (Col GS) used to be Tea Lounge, which after shifting of Tea Lounge to its present location, was to be converted into Commandant Office complex. Commandant, Major General (later Lieutenant General) Tanwir Husain Naqvi asked the Board to suggest complete layout of Commandant's Office, SO's office, PA's office and washroom, etc. He even asked the Board to give layout of the furniture in Commandant's Office, drawing to scale all items of furniture. He highlighted that this kind of thorough staff work is expected from the Graduates of the College.
The old location of Commandant's Office was to be converted into Chief Instructor's office, the place where it exists till today. Earlier, Chief Instructor's office used to be located as one big office in place of first right cluster of 4 x offices presently located in the corridor leading to Jilani Auditorium.
Interestingly, the Commandant's present office was Directing Staff Tea Lounge until 1993 when Tea Lounge was made available. It was in the same year that introduction of early morning recitation of Quranic verses along with English translation on Educational Television Network was made which is still a regular feature of beginning of each academic day. The Flag Hoisting Ceremony of Allied Countries was also introduced that year. Major construction projects included additions of Cedar Hut and Masjid Al Khadija at Bilgrami Lines in 1994, D Type Flats (Ali Kuli Block) in 1997, the Married Officers' Quarters named Javaid Afzal Block in the memory of late Major General Javaid Afzal, the 39th Commandant in 1999, Touseef Block (earlier Arif Hayat Block) in 2003 and D Type Flats in 2004.
As a contribution to the national cause, the College gave up its annual study tours as part of drive for economy of resources to cope with sanctions in post nuclearization period of the Country in 1998. A very important academic contribution to the curriculum in year 2000 was the compilation and issue of first military history Primer as part of War Foundation Studies. This year, another important addition to the College Building was dedication of Shuhada Corner on left side on Entrance to the Main Building and transformation of the hexagon in the centre of Main Library building into an artistic expression of our past, present and future. The artefacts were aesthetically laid out by Major Aamir Raza, a graduate of 1997 Course. In consonance with norms of the educational systems around the world, Staff College undertook a massive computer based learning drive in 2001 and implemented a near paper-free environment. This system has been transformed by development of new College Application in 2011 which is based on thin client laptops for enhanced security of networking based computer environment. In 2003, the College started conferring Maste's of Science Degree in 'Art and Science of Warfare' to the Graduates.
The year 2005 held a special significance for the College due to centennial celebrations on completion of hundred years of establishment of the College. This remarkable feat was celebrated by commemorative projects like construction of Centenary Monument to replicate old College Clock Tower, one time Centenary Medal for Directing Staff and students, commemorative postage stamp by Pakistan Postal Services, publication of numerous commemorative documents including College History Book and construction of new College entrance.
In 2008, a historic change in schedule of the Staff Course took place in conformity with a drive of other changes at Army level introduced by Military Secretary Branch. Consequently, the Course began in July and terminated in June next year, though it began with a six months delay. The same year, a new block was added to the main Building to create enough syndicate rooms and offices due to the increased intake.
In year 2010-11, the College underwent some major construction, renovation and uplifting projects. These included the renovation of the Main Building, uplifting of the Directing Staff accommodation, construction of students and Allied Officers’ accommodation and uplifting of Javed Sultan Park as well as construction of a Coffee Shop and Pizza Point within its premises.
The process of progress carried through year 2012-13 with visible additions in and around College Building. Javed Sultan Park was further uplifted and converted to an amusement-cum-theme Park with carpeted jogging track, a beautiful aviary, flower beds, ornamental benches and a fountain. Besides these attractions, the skating Rink, Zip liner and a colourful wall for kids to enjoy wall-climbing, make the Park a welcoming place for all.
A number of construction and renovation works were carried out to keep pace with the time that must scar beauty to dull and drab state. In this regard, the College renovated the Main Mosque, Canteen Store Department complex, Medical Inspection Room, and uplifted Children Parks at different areas including 'Afzaal Park' in Street 3. This Children Park was named 'Afzaal Park' in 2013 to pay tribute to Chief of General Staff Lieutenant General Mian Muhammad Afzaal, ex Directing Staff Command and Staff College who embraced Shahadat in 1988 C-130 Crash in Bahawalpur.
In order to facilitate Al Nisa members, a world class beauty Parlour-cum-Fitness Club, 'Visage' was raised in 2013 from a scratch to a two-storey building at Iqbal Jawad Road (earlier Iqbal Road).Talking of more construction work in 2012, a block of 4x flats on Akram Raja Road was completed and named "Muhammad Hussain Awan" Block in August 2013. During the same period, College peripheral wall from Abbasi Check Post to Iqra Check Post near Headquarters Company was erected besides the construction of Shopping Complex at Bilgrami Lines, Cook house / Dining Hall at Headquarters Company and Non Combatant Bearers’ Flats at General Duties Lines.
Within College Building, major improvement work was carried out in CSW (Computer Support Wing) which, in view of its enhanced scope, from provisioning / repair of computers to 'Information Technology Services’, was renamed as ITW (Information Technology Wing) in Nov 2013. Complete College networking was upgraded after 2001, with 800 + NW nodes in syndicate rooms / faculty offices. Old NW switches installed by Netsol Inc. in 2001 were also upgraded with state of the art Juniper switches. Efforts on e-learning were focused and more processes were automated, including War Games, Online Individual Exercise (Objective / Descriptive) Assessment Conference, etc. Dedicated Geographical Information System servers were installed for Command and Staff College users and latest version of Pak Geographical Information System was used in a hybrid approach during the War Games. Information dissemination mechanism was established which included Iqra mobile phone alert for the whole College, Iqra Kiosk, fixed on the right corner outside Tea Lounge, (serving with customized applications of Directing Staff / Permanent Staff pay module), SMS based digital "Beeper" for Tea Lounge and "Digital Notice Boards" for Students. Another landmark in College Digital upgradation was the installation of Panaflex Printer in College Printing Press in August 2012.
The greatest evolutionary process was seen by the Exam Cell which was raised on 11 January 2011 as an entity to implement the new MCQ based SCEE/ Regime. Within a short span of five and a half months time the Exam Cell was shifted on 27 June 2011 from briefing room-2 with the team of 4 X Directing Staff to its present location i.e., the rear portion of Fatima Jinnah Library which was renovated at an initial cost of Rs. 4.4 million.
In 2013, Tea Lounge, no less an important place in College Building, was refurbished with addition of new furniture and a large wall-sized panorama of Murdar Range and Sleeping Beauty.
The years 2015 and 2016 have also seen phenomenal improvement in the academic and optical spheres of the College aiming at the enhancement of all-inclusive teaching-learning environment and betterment of community life at the College. Completed projects during 2016 include placement of photos of Faculty Fours and Graduates in Upper Foyer in June , construction of new Students' Car Park , extension and repair of roads, construction of Khairo Flats, 8x D Type Flats for officers, development of new sewerage system and renovation of the College Building, Officers Mess, Cedar Hut with an addition of Barbeque Fireplace, synthetic turf football ground for children on Sahibzad Gul Road, purchasing of new gym machines, placement of new carpet in Jilani Auditorium, Planning Room (earlier Saeed Conference Room) and College Library, uplift of Iqra Army Public School and College, the College Monument and Sharrif Hall and expansion of Iftikhar Jamil Road (earlier Sohail Road). Moreover, launching of Integrated Library Software, placement of statue along with keynote address of SahabzadaYaqub Khan, establishment of High Speed Internet, conversion of old records into digital archiving, etcetera were undertaken and completed during 2016 and 2017. New Gate Complex at Shahrah-e-Staff College, renovation and redesigning of Coffee Shop, construction of Bachelor Officers’ Quarter Car Parking and soldiers’ barracks were completed in 2017. A new Soldier Mess with a cook house and dining hall and Junior Commissioned Officers’ Club have recently been completed and are ready for inauguration (December 2018). Currently, the major works in progress are Ashfaq Kayani Auditorium (earlier Shahid Mriza Auditorium) (started on 10 July 2015), new building of Al Nisa Club, and construction of D Type Flats for student officers in Manzoor Bolck (earlier Mohsin Kamal Block). Moreover, in the sphere of curriculam , significant revisions have been incorporated in the major packages including Operations at higher Level, Threat, Offensive and Defensive Operations, Desert Warfare, Joint Warfare, Strategic Studies, etcetera.